The first time I cut a tenon I started by taking my time marking it out with my marking gauge, then with
complete confidence I made my cuts and removed the waste material and after a little clean up I test fit the tenon into the mortise only to discover the shoulders of my tenon were out of square, forcing me to fuse around with my shoulder plane until I finally achieved a good square fit.
This problem stayed with me for sometime, I would cut a tenon and then have a problem with the shoulder not being square. I tried using different marking gauges thinking maybe this was the problem, trying wheel gauges, knife gauges but nothing seemed to make a difference. Eventually I realized the problem was never in the marking gauges, it was in the material. When using a marking gauge to mark tenon shoulders the gauge references from the end of the board, and if the end of the board is not true it will cause the shoulder line to be out square, and it doesn't take much to have an issue. But if you reference from the side of a board these marks will be immensely accurate. So what I started doing is using my starrett and a marking knife to lay out my tenon shoulders referencing from the side of the board. Since I started created tenons this way I no longer have fit issues with my mortise and tenon joints.
One of the most common questions is how do I build this thing ? This table, box, chair or whatever this thing might be. Honestly just build it. The bottom line is the knowledge of how to build something comes from building it and the more you build it the better you will be at it. Nothing is a better teacher than repeating the same task over and over again, especially with the basics of woodworking. And over thinking
it will almost always put a fast ending to what would have normally been a great idea. As woodworkers we always push our selves to try and be better than the last thing we created and we should, because this is how we grow both in knowledge and ability. But as a person building something for the very first time ever, it can be intimidating when you look at the way advanced woodworkers do things. Mortises, haunched
tenons, dovetails and even the more common half blind dove tail is a lot to understand when you have no knowledge of any of it. My best advise to the first time woodworker is to just do what works for you, then do it again and again. This is how you gain the knowledge your looking for and grow in this craft. Because there is no rule that says you have to build anything a certain way, if there was things like the Maloof joint would have never happened. Just don't over think it and do what works for you, and when your done you will be glad you did.
I have always thought of myself as organized when it comes to my shop.
This goes here, that goes there, and I always put it back where it was.
Until the other day when I was using my router table.
My router table is an extension wing of my table saw with a router
lift that requires a couple of special tools to set it up, and I keep these
tools with the wrenches required for the router on an opposite
wall of my shop. My router bits are also organized in a cabinet on another
wall of my shop. So to use my router table I go from the router table to a
wall on the opposite side of my shop to get the tools I need to set it up,
then go to another wall to grab the router bit I need. It was in this mindless
journey around my shop that I had to point out to this master of
organization, ( being myself ) maybe I'm not as organized as I could be.
Realizing this skill set I seem to some how poses, I took a look around my
shop to see what other amazing feats of organization I had been unaware
that I have achieved through the years. And just like the family dog
searching the floor for crumbs I found a few. Now if you look around
my shop everything appears to have a place or be organized in a way that
makes sense, but there are a lot of little things like my router table accessories
that if they were all at the router table would certainly make more sense. So as a man with a new found plan I went to my scrap bin and found what would soon be
greatest tool organizer of all time for my router table, then went to work building a miracle of craftsmanship. Okay it's just an L-shaped bracket constructed from a
couple of scraps then screwed to the bottom of my router table, but all of my tools are now right at my router table and that's awesome.
If you want to learn how to do something, we have the internet. Are you looking for
a new cookie receipt or how to fix that broken thing ? Or maybe it's
how to build that project you're excited to undertake, the internet is the go to vault of
Recently I was asked who I watch or follow in the woodworking / maker community,
and while I understand the question and the curiosity behind it I also think it creates
a king of the hill effect. You are basically stating that this person
is better then all, and I have always found this to be bothersome when I see articles or videos
about the top ten woodworkers or the best makers to watch or follow.
My honest answer to this question is I enjoy everyone,
and watch or follow as many people as I can. Especially in social media platforms like
YouTube where it has grown to be a huge melting pot of creation and ideas. If you
want to understand this just look up how to make a coffee table, there are literally
hundreds of videos with all different levels of craftsmanship and creativity and just when
you think it's over a new video comes out with an even greater idea. For me personally
I enjoy all video creators and content producers. I think it's the appreciation for the effort they
put in it, but also the creativity and craftsmanship they share with all of us that makes me appreciate
and enjoy everyone that contributes to this community.
With the holiday season upon us we find ourselves seeing all kinds of sales,
and for a woodworker we look forward to this time of the year. A chance to stock up on
things, or maybe it's that new tool purchase we just can't pass up on because the deal is too good.
It's easy to know what you do or do not want, and we always know the make, model and even
the color of it if there's ever the option for that. But if you're not a woodworker it can be a challenge
to buy a gift for someone who is, and in searching the internet for ideas
there plenty to be had. From the ever famous top ten must have tools, to the always insightful
what the pro use. But the reality of these lists is that while they may have good intent,
no two people work the same way so a good tool for one person might be the worst for another.
But shopping for a woodworker can be easy, because there are a couple of
things we all need that are inexpensive and we're always happy to get. The first one that come to
mind is glue, stop by your local box store and grab a bottle of Tite Bond. Get the blue bottle,
and trust me it will get used. Another great option is acid brushes. You can buy
these in bulk from places like amazon for just a few dollars, and they work great for spreading glue with.
For my final pick I'll have to go with sandpaper. You can buy this in multiple sheet packs, and if you get
two twenty grit you have a paper they will certainly use. Now these may seem like really cheap gift ideas, and you might be right in the sense of the cost. But the truth is if you
feel this way about giving any one of these as gift to a woodworker, then give them all three and you be giving them quite possible their most useful gift this year.
So the time has come, you've convinced yourself that you can build it. The it being that project that screams you can do this. For the person who has never built anything before and finds themselves in this situation chances are fairly high that the tools they own are limited if any all. So with a google search of " What tools do I need to start woodworking " there it is, a vault of endless input. From buy this to get that and the ever famous top 10 must have lists, to say it's confusing is a serious understatement and then there are the brand names. Honestly it can give you a headache and stress your pocket book to a whole new level, just for a hobby you have an interest in. To get started with woodworking the answer to what tools you need really falls on what project you are planning on building, because all you need right now are the tools to build that project. So the question to ask yourself should not be what tools you need for woodworking but rather what tools do I need to build this one thing. By growing your tool collection with each project you build, over time you will ensure that you have everything you need for what you build and the way you work. Because honestly every woodworker approaches things their own way, making it hard for someone who does not even know you to advise you on what need or should buy. The only other thing to realize is that you don't need to break your bank account with each purchase, because as nice as that new table saw or miter saw might be, a good hand saw works just as well and you can always upgrade later. Just look at your current project and think, what do I need to build this and start there.
What is a good first woodworking project ? A great question and honestly the best project to start out with is
the first one you build. A bird house, a box, or maybe an end table, it really doesn't
matter where you start it only matters that you start. I have never bought into the idea that you have
to build this or do that when you start woodworking because the best teacher has
always been hands on, so your craft will evolve with the projects you build. And in ten years both your knowledge
and skill will be greater then today. But as you go through this progression of projects always try to
push yourself to do something that will test your abilities, a new joinery technique, a different finish, or
maybe a string inlay, it doesn't matter just believe you can. Always believe it and apply it and this is how
you grow as a woodworker.
It's more a matter of guidance when you are first starting out, and in this day and age you can find good free
project plans online, just stay to sites that are reputable like Fine Woodworking, or
Popular woodworking for example. These are all great sources for detailed plans.
Places like Youtube I think are bad for a beginner, and before you get upset hear me out.
While there are creators there who get it right and you should listen to them, there is also a lot of misinformation that is scary at best. And when you are just starting
to learn you really don't know who to listen to, making it easy to be misguided. So I would avoid social media places like this, or any google search that claims to
have an abundance of free woodworking plans with titles like Ted's for example. The best advise I can pass on to anyone who just starting out is one
word, " Patience ". Because without it that's when you make mistakes and or find yourself doing things that are subpar. Don't rush it, so what if it takes you
longer then the other guy. Most master pieces weren't built over night.
Pocket hole or traditional joinery is one of the few subjects in woodworking that can get some of the most mellow mannered woodworkers into serious debates, and it is something I do get asked about now and then. Always looking to avoid the debate that will certainly follow I have become really good at just avoiding the question over the years. But after giving it some thought I felt it was time to share my thoughts on the subject, whatever they might be worth. Now I'm not writing this as some sort of bible all who woodwork must kneel before, it's nothing more than my personal opinion and as such you have the right to disagree with me it is a free world.
The only problem I see with pocket screws really falls on one factor, wood movement. By nature wood expands and contracts due to changes in temperature and humidity created by seasonal changes, a pocket screw being made of metal is not effected by seasonal changes. So initially when a screw is driven in to the wood it is nice and tight, but when the wood expans from seasonal movement the hole that the screw is in expans with it and is now too big for the screw causing a loose connection resulting in a faulty joint. Is there a way to prevent this ? No. Is there a way around this ? Yes, using a plywood because plywoods are not as effected by seasonal changes. For me I build furniture and the choice of material for whatever I'm building is usually at the heart of it's beauty so I would never considering using any type of a plywood product, but it really comes down to what your motivations are with what you build. Are you looking to build something quick that does the job or are you pushing yourself to create something better than anything you have built before. With me it is always the latter never looking back at what I've done, build it once build it right then move on to hopefully build something greater. Just sharing my thoughts but for these reasons I do not use pocket screw joinery, besides it's hard to create joinery like this with pocket screws and plywood.
With the Linen Press done I've started on the next piece of the bedroom set, the bed frame. I really want all these pieces to co exist so in designing each of them I tried to keep the design simple, and instead put the focus on the nature beauty of the wood to give each piece it's character and with the Cherry I bought for this project it's a pretty easy thing to do. About the only real design element is a slight curve in the top of the headboard, and for a curve that spans this much distance I have always found the best way to approach this is with a template and a pattern bit in my router. A pretty straight forward technique, create your template then attach it with some double sided tape and with a pattern bit follow the template. But what if you don't have any double sided tape ? This was the problem I ran into and having been here before I already knew what to do, but it dawned on me that before someone showed me this situation would have left me in a bind. So if you ever find yourself in this situation let me show you another way that was taught to me.
All you need is a couple of common shop items, a roll of blue painters tape and a bottle of super glue ideally the liquid type not gel.
One of the biggest advantages I have found with this technique is that after you have finished routing, the template comes off without much fuss and the tape peels off easy leaving no residue behind. Now I am pretty certain that if I know about this technique you probably do too, but if you don't I hope this helps you out the next time you find yourself out of double sided tape.
At this point I think I was almost three weeks into the finish, but the finish was finally done. Now it was just a matter of reassembling the press and few minor adjustments in the catch for the doors and I did applied some paraffin wax to the drawer runners, other then that everything went back together pretty smoothly. From start to finish it took me three weeks to do the finish for this linen press, and completely worth every second of it. Now on to the next piece of this set, the bed frame another simple design that I will let the material bring to life.
The Shavingwood Workshop Blog